Us Army Research Paper

Miss USA, 2016, Deshauna Barber, has put a new face on the image of women in the military. As a lieutenant in the U.S. Army Reserve, she is the first titleholder to be actively serving. Despite the presence of women in the armed forces for decades, female soldiers still experience a kind of gender bias that is rarely encountered in other professions.

What do you think of allowing women in the military? (Credit: USPS Stamp of Approval)

The issue is likely to gain more attention now that the Pentagon has decided to open up all combat jobs to women. This makes women in combat and the role of women in the military timely research paper topics.

Women in combat

Warfare and the protection of the nation has long been the province of men and yet women have served as well. Although female soldiers have often served in combat zones where they were under fire, they were not allowed to officially hold combat positions. Those who seek to make a career in the military find their path of advancement limited because holding combat positions is a prerequisite.

On December 3, 2015, Defense Secretary Ashton B. Carter announced that the Pentagon would open all combat positions to women starting in early 2016. The announcement has been met with strong reaction from both sides of the debate.

Many, including Senator John McCain of Arizona, are convinced that the presence of women in combat will impair our military’s fighting capabilities. Others feel that the military must reflect the nation’s commitment to inclusion and democracy. Moreover, they feel that U.S. security relies on the efforts of the largest possible pool of talent. That includes women.

Matthew Rosenberg and Dave Philipps offered thoughts from Carter and others in their December 3, 2015, article for, “All Combat Roles Now Open to Women, Defense Secretary Says.”

Some question the practicality of integrating women into combat units where they would be required to go on long marches carrying as much as 100 pounds of gear. Carter agreed that women must meet all qualifications for any job that they wanted to fill.

“He also acknowledged that many units were likely to remain largely male, especially elite infantry troops and Special Operations forces, where ‘only small numbers of women could’ likely meet the standards,” the article stated.

Women in the military arguments

Lorry M. Fenner and Marie E. Deyoung took on both sides of the debate in their book, Women in Combat: Civic Duty or Military Liability?

Both authors used their own extensive experience in the U.S. military along with a broad range of empirical data to expand on their opposing perspectives. For Lorry Fenner, it is unequivocally clear that women should be fully integrated into the military and should serve in whatever capacity for which they are qualified, including combat units. Marie deYoung believes just as strongly that serving in combat would be a personal and social disaster for women.

In expanding her arguments supporting the role of women in combat positions, Fenner reminded readers that the nature of combat has changed radically. Not all roles require brute strength. Some, such as the job of sniper, require intelligence, good eyesight and a firm hand.

“Intellect also is not bounded by physical attributes. We all recognize that some occupations demand more intelligence or education than others, and the first step for the armed forces is to decide how much intelligence a person needs and how to measure it accurately,” Fenner stated.

In defense of women in defense

Miss USA, Deshauna Barber, was asked her opinion of women in combat during the pageant competition. Barber, age 26, is a captain in the Army and is commander of the 988th Quartermaster Detachment at Fort Meade in Maryland.

Paul Schrodt provided video of Barber’s powerful reply in his June 6, 2016, article for, “The new Miss USA, who’s an Army officer gave a passionate defense of women in the military.”

“We are just as tough as men. As a commander of my unit, I’m powerful, I am dedicated and it is important that we recognize that gender does not limit us in the United States Army,” Barber said.

Find more research paper topic ideas for women in the military at Questia.

What is your opinion about women in the military? Do you think that women will soon be subject to the draft? Tell us in the comments.

The unexpected discovery came when researchers mixed a nanogalvanic aluminum-based powder with water, and noticed that the water began bubbling away. On closer inspection, they soon realized the reaction was the product of hydrolysis, meaning the material was splitting the water into its composite molecules of oxygen and hydrogen.

Aluminum has been known to produce hydrogen in this manner, but it usually requires a catalyst in the form of heat, acid, electricity or other chemicals. But the new nanomaterial turns out to be an efficient mechanism for rapid and spontaneous hydrolysis of water.

For these initial tests, the team used the hydrogen created through the reaction to power a radio-controlled model tank around the lab. But in future, the team says the material's energy potential can effectively be doubled if the heat given off is also harnessed.

"There are other researchers who have been searching their whole lives and their optimized product takes many hours to achieve, say 50 percent efficiency," says Scott Grendahl, team leader on the project. "Ours does it to nearly 100 percent efficiency in less than three minutes."

"These teams are out for a short number of days, three to five days, and a lot of that depends not only on their food supplies, but on how long their supplies last in terms of their equipment and right now that stems from lithium batteries," says Grendahl. "If we can recharge those batteries, they can stay out longer."

The researchers are currently working on further applications for the material, as well as research papers and patents describing it.

Source: US Army

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Today's soldiers trekking around on missions need to carry pounds and pounds of electronic equipment with them, and then about that much again in batteries to power it all. The US Army has been trialing systems that harvest kinetic energy through the wearer's walking, and now a chance discovery might also help lighten the load. The US Army Research Laboratory has created an aluminum-based powder that produces a surprisingly high amount of energy when placed in water.

"In our case, it does not need a catalyst," says Anit Giri, a physicist on the team. "Also, it is very fast. For example, we have calculated that one kilogram (2.2 lb) of aluminum powder can produce 220 kilowatts of power in just three minutes. That's a lot of power to run any electrical equipment. These rates are the fastest known without using catalysts such as an acid, base or elevated temperatures."

The researchers say the powder could eventually be used to 3D print drones and robots that could recharge their batteries by dissolving parts of their own structure. And at mission's end, they'll have effectively self-destructed. That idea is a long way down the track, but a scenario we're more likely to see in the nearer future is one where human soldiers carry the material to recharge devices in the field.


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