Ancient Egypt Geography Webquest Assignment

When to use this WebQuest The WebQuest A Pyramid for the Pharaoh, can be conducted either before or after students study Chapter 5, "Ancient Egypt" in World History: Ancient Civilizations. Using the WebQuest before you begin the chapter can be an excellent way to motivate students and engage them in the history of ancient Egypt, drawing them into the chapter content. As a culminating activity, this WebQuest can serve as an assessment of how well students can demonstrate what they have learned about ancient Egypt. In both cases, it would be helpful to introduce the WebQuest by discussing the Unit 3 illustration on pages 140–141.

The role of the pharaoh As each group presents its proposal to the pharaoh, the pharaoh asks questions and makes comments. The teacher may assume the role of the pharaoh or assign the role to a confident, capable student. If the role is assigned to a student, he or she will need to research Egyptian pharaohs and be evaluated on how well that research is applied to playing the pharaoh's role during the presentations. The student-pharaoh also needs to be well versed in the evaluation rubric. While it is the teacher who evaluates each presentation, he or she may want to consult the pharaoh to assign the scores.

The role of the architect The teacher may choose three to six architects (depending on the number of students in the classroom) or ask for volunteers. There is one architect for every group of six students. Each architect has the responsibility of organizing the teams and orchestrating the final presentation before the pharaoh, in addition to researching and drawing the architectural plans for the pyramid. Architects are leaders; they need to understand the task and be able to follow the three-step process.

Team roles The teacher may assign five students to each architect or have students count off for a more random configuration of student groups. When the groups of six students meet, they should divide themselves into Team 1 and Team 2, and then choose the roles they would like to play.

Each team is responsible for dividing the work and collaborating on decisions. For example, in Team 1 the geographer and builder need to work together to determine the best location for the pyramid. The geographer will need to research the locations and geography of ancient Egypt; the builder will need to research materials and labor needed to build a pyramid and where the materials are located. Together they must decide on the best location to build the pyramid. The builder and the architect will also need to work together to determine how the pyramid will be built and what the diagram of the interior of the pyramid should include.

Resources It is recommended that all team members visit and study the British Museum and World Book Web sites and use Chapter 5 of World History: Ancient Civilizations in their research. If computer time is limited, team members can use the textbook while waiting to get online. Encourage students to read the descriptions of the preselected Web sites and visit those most relevant to their specific task. Students may need to be taught how to scan Web sites to hone in on the information they need. There is also a McDougal Littell interactive map of Egypt and an interactive visual of Khufu's tomb for student use.

Worksheets Print out the worksheets for each team. The answers to the questions will help students organize their presentations. After each team has completed its worksheets, advise the architects to conduct a rehearsal with the whole group so that everyone is clear on the order of speakers in the presentation to the pharaoh.

Ancient Egypt WebQuest
The following questions will explore mummification, pyramid building, King Tut’s curse and cats in ancient Egypt.  Using the suggested internet sites, research the questions and hand in your completed answer sheets by the due date. 

1.    Mummification: Use the websites listed below to answer the following questions.
            Egyptian Mummies | Two Stages of Mummification - click on both the embalming and the wrapping link.

            a)    How long did the mummification process take? - Hint 
            b)    What was the first step in the mummification process? - Hint
            c)    Why was the heart left inside the body? - Hint
            d)    What was placed in canopic jars? - Hint What four gods were associated with the canopic jars? - Hint or Hint
            e)    How was all the moisture removed e body? - Hint
            f)     What was the next step after all the moisture was removed from the body? - Hint
            g)    What material is painted on the bandages to glue them together? - Hint
            h)    What were the amulets meant to protect against? - Hint or Hint
             i)    Why did the Egyptians practice mummification? - Hint

           Once you have completed these questions put your knowledge to the test with the mummy maker at -
             Mummy Maker

           Find out just what it would cost to have your body mummified nowadays at -
             Mummification of Transference

2.    Pyramids: Use the websites listed below to answer the following questions.
            Pyramids at Giza | The Construction of the Pyramids | Step Pyramid

            a)    What method was probably used to construct the pyramids? - Hint
            b)    Who built them? - Hint Which ancient Greek historian started a false rumor concerning the people
                    who built the pyramids? - Hint
            c)    What architect gained fame by building the first pyramid? - Hint
            d)    What is the “bent” pyramid? - Hint
            e)    What is the largest pyramid ever built? - Hint
            f)     How many stones did it take to build? How much did the stones weigh? - Hint
            g)    What pharaoh built the last of the great pyramids?  Why was it the last? - Hint

          Put your pyramid knowledge to the test! Can you complete the pharaoh’s tomb? Take the pyramid challenge at
            Pyramid Challenge

3.    King Tutankhamen’s Curse: Use the websites listed below to answer the following questions.
            The Curse of Tut's Mummy | The Curse of King Tut's Tomb 

            a)    Why would King Tutankhamun’s tomb be protected by a curse? - Hint What did the curse say? - Hint
            b)    What object was found in Tutankhamen’s that suggested there was a curse? - Hint
            c)    Who was the first person to die as a result of “the curse”? - Hint
            d)    Of the people present at the opening of Tutankhamen’s tomb, how many died within 10 years? - Hint
            e)    Besides the curse, what are other possible explanations for the deaths? - Hint
            f)     Is the curse is fact or fiction? Why do you think so? - Hint

4.    Cat’s in ancient Egypt: Use the websites listed below to answer the following questions.
            The Cat in Ancient Egypt | Ancient Egyptian Kitten Skeletons | Egyptian Animals | 
            Egyptian Animal Mummies | Cat Museum
            a)    When were cats domesticated in Egypt? - Hint
            b)    What did cats actually do for the ancient Egyptians? - Hint
            c)    What does it mean if someone sees a cat in a dream? - Hint
            d)    Given the information in the websites, why do you think the Egyptians mummified cats? - Hint



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