Citing Two Authors In Bibliography Apa Samples

Helpful Tips:              

If a journal article has a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) listed, you will always include this identifier in your reference.  You will not have to include the URL of the journal's home page or of the database from which you retrieved the article if a DOI is available

If you viewed a journal article in an online database and it does not have a DOI, you will need to do a quick search outside of the database to locate the URL for the journal's home page (pp. 191-192).  This information must be included in the reference.  If the journal is no longer being published and it does not have a home page, then include the URL for the home page of the database from which you retrieved the article (p. 192).

If you viewed a journal article in its print format, be sure to check if it has a DOI listed.  If it does not, your reference to the article would end after you provide the page range of the article.

General Format 

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Author Surname & Author Surname, Year)


      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

      (Author Surname & Author Surname, Year, page number)



      Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., & Author Surname, First Initial. Second 

            Initial. (Year). Article title: Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(issue), page range.

            doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx OR Retrieved from URL of journal home page [if available].  


Example 1


      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

      (Paterson & Thorne, 2003)


      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

      (Paterson & Thorne, 2003, p. 30)



      Paterson, B. L., & Thorne, S. (2003). Enhancing the evaluation of nursing care

            effectiveness. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 35(3), 26-38.


Example 2


      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Sillick & Schutte, 2006)


      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

      (Sillick & Schutte, 2006, p. 43)



      Sillick, T. J., & Schutte, N. S. (2006). Emotional intelligence and self-esteem mediate

            between perceived early parental love and adult happiness. E-Journal of Applied

            Psychology, 2(2), 38-48. Retrieved from


If no author or creator is provided, start the citation with the title/name of the item you are citing instead. Follow the title/name of the item with the date of publication, and the continue with other citation details.

Remember: an author/creator may be an organization or corporation, for example Health Canada. If you don't have a person's name as the author, but do have the name of an organization or corporation, put that organization/corporation's name as the author.


If and only if an item is signed as being created by Anonymous, use "Anonymous" where you'd normally put the author's name.


When you have no author, use a shortened version of the title where you'd normally put the author's name.

If you're citing something which is part of a bigger work, like an article from a magazine, newspaper, journal, encyclopedia, or chapter/short story from a book, put the shortened title in quotation marks in your in-text citation:

Example, paraphrase: ("A few words," 2014)

If you're citing an entire work, like a book, website, video, etc., italicize the shortened title in your in-text citation:

Example, paraphrase: (A few words, 2014)


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